THE FACTS

As concerns grow around the world about the corona virus outbreak, here are some key facts to know about the virus and how to prevent it.

How To Stay Safe

What is Covid - 19 ?

According to W.H.O Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans.

In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold and severe diseases like Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS . The most recently discovered coronavirus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19.

Symptoms of Coronavirus

The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are:

  -Fever
  -Tiredness
  -Aches and pains
  -Nasal congestion
  -Runny nose
  -Sore throat
  -Diarrhea

How do I prevent it?

Wash your hands properly for up to 20 seconds. Maintain personal hygiene. Cover your nose and mouth when coughing or sneezing or use a tissue. Avoid spitting in public. Be informed on latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO website and Ministry of Health.

What does the World Health Organization (WHO) say?

  - If cold/flu symptoms, opt to self-quarantine
  - If cough/fever, make sure you go to the hospital
  - If you have breathing difficulties, treat this as an emergency

Who is at risk?

While we are still learning about how COVID-2019 affects people, older persons and persons with pre-existing medical conditions (such as high blood pressure, heart disease, lung disease, cancer or diabetes) appear to develop serious illness more often than others.


  -Blood pressure
  -Heart disease
  -Lung disease
  -Cancer or diabetes

Should I wear a mask to protect myself?

Only wear a mask if you are ill with COVID-19 symptoms (especially coughing) or looking after someone who may have COVID-19. Disposable face mask can only be used once. If you are not ill or looking after someone who is ill then you are wasting a mask. There is a world-wide shortage of masks, so WHO urges people to use masks wisely.

What to do if you feel unwell:

Seek medical attentions through:
  - Ridge and Tema hospitals
  - Hotlines +233 50 949 7700 / +233 55 843 986
  - Ambulance hotline:
    - DEL Ambulance +233 30 254 3256

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • Answer: COVID-19 are a large family of viruses that are known to cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).
  • Answer: A novel COVID-19 is a new strain of COVID-19 that has not been previously identified in humans.
  • Answer: Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans in China in 2002 and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans in Saudi Arabia in 2012. Several known COVID-19 are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans. As surveillance improves around the world, more COVID-19 are likely to be identified.
  • Answer: It depends on the virus, but common signs include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.
  • Answer: Yes, some COVID-19 can be transmitted from person to person, usually after close contact with an infected patient, for example, in a household workplace, or health care centre.
  • Answer: When a disease is new, there is no vaccine until one is developed. It can take a number of years for a new vaccine to be developed
  • Answer: There is no specific treatment for disease caused by a COVID-19. However, many of the symptoms can be treated and therefore treatment based on the patient’s clinical condition. Moreover, supportive care for infected persons can be highly effective.
  • Answer: Standard recommendations to reduce exposure to and transmission of a range of illnesses include maintaining basic hand and respiratory hygiene, and safe food practices and avoiding close contact, when possible, with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.
  • Answer: Yes, they can be, as health care workers come into contact with patients more often than the general public WHO recommends that health care workers consistently apply appropriate infection prevention and control measures.
  • Answer: Intense surveillance for suspected severe acute respiratory infections to be picked and tested for confirmation.

    Public Health preparedness plans have been prepared and ready to be activated in the event of a pandemic in line with the International Health Regulations (2005).

    Risk communication activities have been planned and aspects of it has started such as granting radio and TV interviews and port education on the virus.